Is hope a virtue or a failing?


For context, hear .

The tl;dl: In Ancient Greece, hope was considered an evil or a failing. If someone had hope of reward, they would be disinclined to work to achieve a goal. Hope was one of the evils in Pandora’s box (/jar). In Christian times, Paul reframed hope as a virtue, along with faith and love. More recently, Nietzsche reframed hope as a deceit; albeit as one which could provide solace from existential horror.

Does hope help us or hinder us?